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William Goodwin
From a mural painting in the Town Hall, Braintree, England

The artist's conception of the departure depicts Thomas Hooker bidding Godspeed to William Goodwin; but Hooker was in Holland at the time.

Image and text from: Founders and Leaders of Connecticut 1633-1783

Passenger List

1st Generation
WILLIAM (ELDER) GOODWIN was born 1591 and died March 11, 1672/73 in Farmington, Hartford Co., CT. He married (1) ELIZABETH WHITE November 7, 1616 in Shalford, Essex, ENG. He married (2) SUSAN GARBRAND Bef. January 1669/70. According to researcher Stephen M. Lawson: LLIAM (ELDER) GOODWIN: "William settled first at Newton (Cambridge), MA (freeman Nov. 6 1732; deputy to General Court May 1634), then Hartford, CT 1636, Hadley, MA 1659, and Farmington, CT about 1670. He was the brother of Osias Goodwin of Hartford, who married Mary Woodward. Elder William married second by Jan. 1669/70 Susan Garbrand) Hooker (d. May 17, 1676, Farmington, CT), widow of Rev. Thomas Hooker. Married first Nov. 7, 1616, Shalford Essex, England."

From History of Hadley "[trouble began in church after death of Hooker] "Mather says, the misunderstanding began between Mr. Stone and the ruling elder (William Goodwin) but its origin was obscure. Trumbull supposes, 'that some member had been admitted, or baptism administered, which Elder Goodwin conceived to be inconsistent with the rights of the brotherhood and the strict principles of the Congregational churches.'"

From Catalogue of First Puritan Settlers of Connecticut, R. R. Hinman, first published in Hartford, 1846 p. 29 "Goodwin, William, deacon, was one of the first settlers in Hartford. He was one of the purchasers of the town for a company, of the Indiands; he also purchased large tracts of land up the river; he aided in some measure in purchasing Farmington. Being an elder in Mr. Hooker's church, he was as active in matters of the church, as he was in the affairs of the town and colony. In '44, as no gallery had been built in the church, he was appointed to build it, and stairs to enter it. In '39 he with Mr. Stone, deacon Chaplin and George Hubbard, were appointed by the General Court, "to gather those passages of God's providence, which had been remarkable, since the first undertakings of the Plantations, and report them to the General Court." In the early part of the settlement, he was one of the most active as well as useful settlers in the colony. During the great dissension in the church at Hartford, which lasted for a considerable period of time, and caused much anxiety not only to the church in Hartford, but to all the churches in New England; for some cause about this time deacon Goodwin moved his family to Hadley, but afterwards returned into the colony, and died at Farmington in '73. He left a large estate to a daughter, his only child; she afterwards married John Crowe, of Hartford. p. 162: Goodwin's name is on the Founder's Monument. Hartford Monument
Hartford Founder's Monument
From The History of Hadley including the Early History of Hatfiled, S. Hadley, Amherst and Granby, MA, by: Sylvester Judd, publisher: H. R. Huntting & Co., Springfield, MA, 1905 p. 88, Hadley Cases in Court, 1666 - Wm Goodwin had a servant named Thomas Helms, and Stephen Terry had one named Joshua Wills. Both ran away and took a horse from Mr. Goodwin and some other things. The horse valued at 10L was lost and they were ordered to pay treble damage, 30L and charges 10L 11s. Helms was to serve Mr. Goodwin two years and Wills to serve him 18 months and Mr. Terry six months, after their time had expired. Also both fined 40 shillings each.

p. 89 (in my words) Goodwin was sued by Tymothy Nash of Hadley whose son was killed when a dog barked, scaring the horse which threw the boy who was tied on and dragged 40 rods before taking him home where he was found to be dead. Court decided for Goodwin because no one ever complained about the dog before. "Mr. Crow who exercised care about Mr. Goodwin's affaires..."

From The Original Proprietors by Miss Mary K. Talcott:

ELDER WILLIAM GOODWIN sailed from London in the ship "Lion, June 22, 1632, with Olmstead, Talcott, etc.; arrived in New England, Sept. 16, 1632; freeman, Mass., Nov. 6, 1632; deputy from Newtown, May 14, 1634; came to Hartford prob. in 1636, and was an original proprietor; his home-lot was on Main St., extending from the present Wadsworth St. to Arch St. He was a man of great influence in Church and State, and prominent in all the early transactions of the Hartford settlement; he purchased large tracts of land up the river, and was one of the agents of the town employed to purchase Farmington from the Indians. Gov. Hopkins appointed him one of the trustees of his will, and he therefore was one of those who had charge of establishing the Hopkins Grammar School. He was an ardent friend of Hooker, but after his death was deeply involved in the great dissension in the church at Hartford, and after several years of controversy "the Withdrawers," as they were called, under the leadership of Goodwin and Gov. John Webster, removed to Hadley in 1659. He was Ruling Elder of the church there, and remained there about ten years, then removed to Farmington, where he d. March 11, 1673. His widow, Susanna, d. in Farmington, May 17, 1676. Ch.: Elizabeth, m. John Crow, of Hartford and Hadley (q. v.).

2nd Generation
ELIZABETH GOODWIN was born ABT 1620 in ENG and died 1673 in CT. She married JOHN CROW (Source: L. M. Boltwood, 1862, Genealogies of Hadley Familes Embracing the Early Settlers of the Towns of Hatfield, S. Hadley, Amherst & Granby, MA, (H. R. Hunting & Co., Springfield, MA, 1905, p. 32) Elizabeth "Departed England in the 'Lyon' Jun. 22, 1632, and arrived in New England Sep. 16, 1632 with her parents."

Surnames Index    Index of Wills
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