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(From Mississippi Territorial Papers Vol 6, Tennessee State Archives, Nashville. The original spellings and capitalizations have been retained but punctuation and paragraphing have been added for easier reference and readability.)
PETITION TO THE PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS BY INTRUDERS ON CHlCKASAW LANDS
To his Excellency James Maddison President of the United States of America and the Honourable Congress assembled:
We your petitioners humbly sheweth that a great many of your fellow citizens have unfortunately settled on what is now Called chickasaw land- which has led us into difficultys that tongue cannot express, if the orders from the ware department are Executed in removeing us off of said land. However, in a government like ours, founded on the will of the people, we have reason to hope and expect that we shall be treated with as much lennity as the duty you owe to Justice will permit. We therefore wish, Without the shade or colour of falshood, to leve to your consideration the main object of our setling of this country.
In the first Place, we understood that all the land on the north side of tennessee river was purchased of the indians, which was certainly the case, and further we understood that this was congress land, as we call it, and by paying of two Dollars per acre we should obtain An undoubted title to our lands and avoide the endless law suits. That to setle here, a great many of us solde our possessions and Came and settled here in the winter and spring of 1807 without any knoledg or intention of violating the laws of government or infringing on the right of another nation, and we remained in this peacefull situation untill the fall of 1807, when General Robertson Came on runing the chickasaw boundary line and he informed us that, though the cherokees had sold this land, yet the chickasaws held a clame to it as their right. And now as booth nations set up a clame to this land and Government haveing extingushed the cherokee clame; and we who are well acquainted with the boundarys of this country do think in Justice that the cherokees had undoubtedly the best right to this land.
We could state our reasons for thinking so, in many cases, but we shall only refurr you to one particular, that is when Zacheriah Cooks made a purchase of parte of this country and came in order to settle It, he landed on an island in the Mussell shoals, and was making preparations to ingarrison himself. But when the cherokees Understood his intentions, they got themselves together and sent in messingers to him, telling him if he did not desist and remove his men out of their country, they would certainly imbody themselves and cut him off. And Cooks took the alarme and left the Island in the night. And if the cherokees had not defended this country at that time, it may be persumed that it would have been taken from the chickasaws without asking of them anything about their right to it. For the cherokees do say that they have held an antiant clame to it, which they never lost by sword or treaty, untill extinguished by government. And should this be the camse, and appeare to your satisfaction, that the cherokees had at least as good a right as the chickasaw, and you haveing that right invested in you-and you are allso willing to pay the chickasaws for their clame and they refuse to sell it, where then can there remain a single doubt In the publick Minde of doing the chickasaws any kind of unJuistice in makeing use of the cherokee clame, and saying: if they will not take a reasonable price for their clame we will not remove our Fellow citizens off, which will bring many women and children to a state of starvation, mearly to gratify a heathan nation who have no better right to this land than we have ourselves And they have by estemation nearly 100,000 acres of land to each man Of their nation, and of no more use to government or society than to saunter about upon, like so many wolves or bares, whilst they who would be a supporte to government and Improve the country must be forsed even to rent poore stony ridges to make a support to rase their famelies on. Whilst you are administering Justice between us and the chickasaws, to say with the greatest propriety that "we have once purchased this land and we will not remove our fellow citizens off, but let them remain as tennants at will, untill the chickasaws may feell a disposition to sell us their clame."
Therefore, we your humbte petitioners wish you to take our standing duely into consideration, and not say "they are a set of dishoneste people who have fled from the lawes of their country, and it is no matter what is done with them." For we can support. our carractore to be other ways and it is our wish and desire to protect and supporte our own native Government.
We must informe you that in the settling of this country men was obliged to expose themselves very much, and the Climate not helthy a number of respectable men have deceased and left their widows with families Of aiphan children to rase in the best way they can. And you might ailmost as well send the sword amongst us as the fammin. The time being short that our orders permits us to stay on, we wish you to send us an answer to our petition as soon as posable and, for heavens Sake Pause to think what is to become of these poore aiphan families who have more need Of the help of some friendly parish, than to have the strictest orders executed on them. Who has not a friend in this unfeeling world that is able to asist them, Either in giting off of said land or supporting when they are off.
We are certain in our own minds that if you could have a true representation of our carractor, the industry we have made. and the purity of our intentions in settling here, together with the justice of our cause, you would say "In the name of God, let them stay on, and eat their well earned bread. Perhaps our number may be far more than you are apprised of. From the best calculation that we can make, there is, exclusive of Doubleheads reserv, 2250 souls on what is called chickasaw land, and all of us could live Tollarabie comfortable if we could remain on our improvements. But the dis-tance is so great, if we are removed off, that we cannot take our produce with Us, and a great many, not in a circum-stance to purchase more, will in consequence of this be brought to a deplorable situation. We shall therefore conclude in hope. that, on a due consideration, we shall find favour in the sight of your most ho-nourable Body, whitch will in duty binde your petitioners to ever Pray &c.
Wm Sims, James Sims, Michael Odaniell, Thomas Skagg, Wiliam Payne, Berry Matlock, George Brown, James Reynolds, Larkin Webb, Isaac Crowson, Benjimen Osbourn, Robert Cravens, Andrew Arnett, Jonathan Cohron, Hoseph Bradley, James Wooley, Henry , Lysby, Isaac Gibson, Samuel Easely, David Silmon, John Hoddge, John Coward, Charles Skaggs Sen, Charles Skaggs Jur, Charles , Williams, William Adams, Wm Bowling Sen, Wm Bowling J, Wm Cooper, Wm Conway, Charles Easely, John Scagg, John Eppler, Jonathan Eppler, James Neill, Ishame Brown, James Brown, Abraham Brown, Edward Davis, Rawleigh Dodson, Aaron Luisley, Simon Foy, Benj. Murrell, Cavin Wittey, Caleb Juett, Isaac Mirrell, Georg Arbuthnot, Francs Daughty, Bejman Carrel, Asa Magge, Sammell Preed Jun, Sammul Preed, James Preed, Christopher Bayler, Marckel Stockden, Thomas Redus, Abraham Sims, Richard Murrell, John Daugherty, James Hodges, James Hood, William Mayers, William Hodges, William Hoodser, Edmond Fears, William Hood J, Ely Robertson, Samuel Robertson, Micel Robertson, John Allon, James Ball, John McCutchan, David McCutchan, John Caiwell, John Bidell, John Rosson, Simon Rosson, Richard Linville, Wm. Nelson, John Nelson, James Ford, James Caidwell, Wm Kile, Samuel Bradley, William Adams, Roland MeKenny, James McKenny, John McKenny, Ruben McKenny, Robert McKenny, William McKenny, John Lynn, Elijah Price, John Hogges, John Sessoms, Amos Moor, William Elles, John Thomas, Joshua Perkens, Issac Fraey, Lovill Coffman, Cornelius Gatliff, James Redey, John Panton, Jesse Panton, William Hooker, Thomas Pool, Philmer Green Senr, Jere McKellens, Reuben Riggs, William Candon, James Riggs, Robert Tayler, Enoch Tayler, John Tayler, Jas Wilder, Fracis Ascaugh, Joeb Arbagh, Jas Wherrey, John Bell, Benjamin Russell, Edward Frost, Jas Anderson, Joseph Evans, Henry Evans, John Scallorn, Jacob Scallorn, John Wain Wright, John Myars, James Green, John Mowery, Alexander Dutton, George Fergel, John Sauls, Reel Matcok, John Bartell, John Kim, Andy Jackson, Henry Miller, Abraham Miller, Robert, Foury, Joseph Calvert, James Mossy, James McMahhan, Jessy Cooper, David, Miller, Levi Cummens, Mark Mitchens, Allen Cotton, John Cottun, William Cox, Thomas Hardy, George Lofen, John Tayler, John Reed, Elkin Tayler, Lennerd Lofton, Joseph Foster, Abraham Kirkelot, John Kirkendall, Jos Jones, Levi Cooper, John Cooper, John Paine, Fuller Cox, Sami Cox, Joseph Looker, William Riggs, Bridges Freeman, Charles Hulsey, Beverly Philips, Shaderick Cross, Benjamin Ishmal, Benjn Cross, Henry Cross, Jonathan Adams, Thos Adams, Robt Wallis, James Isaac, Hardin Hulsey, William Hill, Jas Miller, John Hamlin, Samuel Smith, Ellexander Smith, Feips Smith, Wm Smith, Bryan Smith, Jonathen Greenhow, Wm Greenhow, Greenbery Greenhow, John Croslin, Benjamin French, Henry Croslin, Jessey Richardson, Joseph England, David Dudden, John Crage, Michal Trimble, Elisha Rainbolt, Jas Craig, John Mitchell Snr, Elisha Garritt, John Mitchell Jnr, George Mitchell, Wm Smith, Jno Sanders, Reuben Sanders, Joseph Carnes, Wm Carnes, Redden Crisp, Wm Black, Lemi Black, Jos Keen, John Ailmen, Walter Tremble, Elye Homback, Wm McGowen, Robt Hodgers Jnr, Robert Stenson, John Smith, John Runnals, Francis Bird, Thos Henderson, Shadrach Morres, Lewis Tacket, William Kellett, Joseph Kellett, James Kellett, James Humphrs, William Humphrs, Charles Smith, William Stephens, Samuel Nelson, George Honbre, Joel James, Henry Mgain, Wm Mullin, Thomas Mullin, John Toliver, Matt Smith, James Mullens, Jaret Brandon, James Smith, John Miller, Elijah Major, James Major, John Trimble, Joshua Brunson, David Parkir, John Ray, John Carnham, Jacob Pyeatt, James Pyeatt, Aron Gibson, Cabot Turner, Isack Shipman, John Hakins, George S. Wilson, Josha Bruntson, James Slaughter, Jesop Luster, John Luster, James Luster, Robert McGowen, DanI McIntyre, Alexr Masky, John Chambers, Thos Price, Joel Philips, Wm Stinson, George Hauge, Ezel Smith, Wm Smith, Andrew Smith, Jame McConel, Sami McConell, Jams M. McConell, William Chambers, Jno Webb, George Bankhead, Jno Bankhead, Michael Shaly, George Shaly, Fredrich Shaly, Moses Crosen, Moses Chot, John Vans, Duncan McAntire, William Voss, , Alex Miller, William Cochran, John Welch, William Welch Senr, Beverly Luster, David Luster, Jas Bevers, Jonathan Burleson, John Burleson, Mathew Brunstin, William Slaughter, Jonathan Blair, John Billensly, Johnathan Greenhaw, Clouds Greenhaw, Alexander Morr, Robert Moor, John Umphres, Archable Trimble, James Garner, John Bell, James Burlston, Robert Thresher, David Thompson, John Rogucy, David Capshaw, Malachi Reeves, Robert Gresham, Amos French, William W. Capshaw, George Ogel, George McCown, David Allerd, William Magers, Harda Allerd, Georg Cooper, David Water, John Wager, Harmon Horn, Banra Devon, John Gebbens, Robt Gebbins, Sami Gibbons, James Gibbons, Jos Gibbons, Clemen Arman, Mathew Brewer, James Norman, Aaron Shote, John Shote, John Wynn, M Armstrong, Ths Dodd, Isaac Perritt, Jeremiah Rowlen, Mitchell ONeel, Jessy Dillion, Tiery ONeel, Hirram ONeel, Joseph Brunson, John Parmerly, Richard Robertson, George Taylour, Eliken Taylor, John Taylour junr, Robert Taylour, Hanum Taylour, John Taylour Sen, Thomas Read, John Read, Wm Taylour, Nathanniel Hannet, James Dunahoo, James Long, John Cooper, Leire Cooper, James Dunham, Alexr Dunham, Thomas Brighton
NAMES OF THE WIDOWS
Damarias Bowling, Amenidab Hattan, Betsey Williams, Mehaley Robertson, Gilly Crowson, Milly Hogwood, Drankey Medders, Patsey Carter, Caty Lewrence, Joan Black, Ann Johnstons, Susan Wigges, Betsey Cooper, Ann Grin, Elezebith Sims, Grizell Sims, Polly Prigman, Sally Williams, Any Taylour, Christiana Mcravay
Abner Camnon, Jessey Beavers, John Hoaton, Robert Hoaton, Nicholess Boren, James Boren, Abner Boren, Henry Davis, Benjamin Land, Andrew Blithe, Jacob Blithe, Wm Lilly, Obediah Martin, Wm Martin, Henson Day, Andrew Pickins, Joseph L. Jones, Hugh Bradon, Adam Burney, James Burney, Wm Ferrell, Owen Shannon, William Cooper, Jas Braden, James Steward, John Cooper, Levi Cooper, Chale Dever, John Black Junr, Prier Kile, Reuben Smith, Isac Lann, Eli Tidwell, Millin Tidwell, Eli Tidwell, Daniel Kinny, Owin Shannon Se, James Renn, H. T. Hendry, Jos L. Hendry, William Cramer, William Murrell, William Smith, John Smith, John Black senr, Gabriel Tayour, Nathiniell Harbin, Jessee Harbin, James Harbin, Robert Wood, Millenton Tidwell, James Leath, Edward Shoat, Vantenten Shoat, John Taylour, Benjamin Tutt, Thomas Kile, James Pickins
(Endorsed) Petition, (addressed to James Madison, Pres: U.S.-) by 450 of the Intruders upon the Chickasaw Territory: Received Oct. 1st, 1810.
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